Tengo que escribir un archivo xml usando módulos estándar de Python (sin usar elementtree, lxml, etc.) Los metadatos son metadatos del proveedor de identidad SAML y tienen la forma:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<EntityDescriptor xmlns="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:metadata"
    xmlns:saml="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:assertion"
    xmlns:ds="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#"
    entityID="http://wsa.saas.com">
<IDPSSODescriptor>
<KeyDescriptor use="signing">
    <ds:KeyInfo xmlns:ds="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#">
      <ds:X509Data><ds:X509Certificate>-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----
</ds:X509Certificate></ds:X509Data>
    </ds:KeyInfo>
  </KeyDescriptor>

  <SingleSignOnService
    Binding="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:bindings:HTTP-Redirect"
    Location="http://idp5/singleSignOn" />
</IDPSSODescriptor>
</EntityDescriptor>

Mi código en este momento hace esto:

>>> from xml.dom.minidom import Document
>>> doc = Document()
>>> entity_descriptor = doc.createElement("EntityDescriptor")
>>> doc.appendChild(entity_descriptor)
>>> entity_descriptor.setAttribute('xmlns', 'urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:metadata')
>>> entity_descriptor.setAttribute('xmlns:saml', 'urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:assertion')
>>> entity_descriptor.setAttribute('xmlns:ds', 'hxxp://xxx.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#')
>>> entity_descriptor.setAttribute('entityID', 'hxxp://wsa.saas.com')
>>> idpssodescr = doc.createElement('IDPSSODescriptor')
>>> entity_descriptor.appendChild(idpssodescr)
>>> keydescr = doc.createElement('KeyDescriptor')
>>> keydescr.setAttribute('use', 'signing')
>>> idpssodescr.appendChild(keydescr)
>>> keyinfo = doc.createElement('ds:KeyInfo')
>>> keyinfo.setAttribute('xmlns:ds', 'http://xxx.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#')
>>> keydescr.appendChild(keyinfo)
>>> x509data = doc.createElement('ds:X509Data')
>>> keyinfo.appendChild(x509data)
>>> x509cert = doc.createElement('ds:X509Certificate')
>>> ptext = doc.createTextNode("This is a test!")
>>> x509cert.appendChild(ptext)
>>> x509data.appendChild(x509cert)
>>> sso = doc.createElement('SingleSignOnService')
>>> sso.setAttribute('Binding', 'urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:bindings:HTTP-Redirect')
>>> sso.setAttribute('Location', 'hxxx://idp5/singleSignOn')
>>> idpssodescr.appendChild(sso)
>>> print doc.toprettyxml(indent="  ")
<?xml version="1.0" ?>
<EntityDescriptor entityID="http://wsa.saas.com" xmlns="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:metadata" xmlns:ds="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#" xmlns:saml="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:assertion">
  <IDPSSODescriptor>
    <KeyDescriptor use="signing">
      <ds:KeyInfo xmlns:ds="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#">
        <ds:X509Data>
          <ds:X509Certificate>
            This is a test!
          </ds:X509Certificate>
        </ds:X509Data>
      </ds:KeyInfo>
    </KeyDescriptor>
    <SingleSignOnService Binding="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:bindings:HTTP-Redirect" Location="http://idp5/singleSignOn"/>
  </IDPSSODescriptor>
</EntityDescriptor>

Estoy un poco confundido con la parte del certificado. El original es <ds:X509Certificate>-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE---.....</ds:X509Certificate> y el mío es:

 <ds:X509Certificate>
    This is the cert
 </ds:X509Certificate>

Lo siento, no tengo mucha experiencia con XML. Es el código apropiado para la tarea prevista.

Gracias.

1
user138645 20 oct. 2009 a las 15:48

3 respuestas

La mejor respuesta

¿Bien? ¿Cuál es tu pregunta? En estas dos líneas:

>>> ptext = doc.createTextNode("This is a test!")
>>> x509cert.appendChild(ptext)

De hecho, está creando un nodo de texto como hijo de un nodo "<ds:X509Certificate>" . El contenido del nodo de texto es "¡Esto es una prueba!". Si desea tener algo más insertado como contenido de texto, debe llamar a .createTextNode con un argumento apropiado.

EDITAR (teniendo en cuenta el comentario del OP): No, no es contenido de texto . En XML todo es un nodo. Lo que crees que es "texto entre las etiquetas" es, en realidad, un nodo de texto .

2
shylent 20 oct. 2009 a las 13:03

Yattag podría ser interesante para esto

from yattag import Doc, indent

doc, tag, text = Doc().tagtext()

doc.asis('<?xml version="1.0"?>')
with tag('EntityDescriptor',
        ("xmlns:saml", "urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:assertion"), 
        ("xmlns:ds", "http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#"),
        entityID = "http://wsa.saas.com",
        xmlns = "urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:metadata"):
    with tag('IDPSSODescriptor'):
        with tag('KeyDescriptor', use='signing'):
            with tag('ds:KeyInfo', 
                    ("xmlns:ds", "http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#")):
                with tag('ds:X509Data'):
                    with tag('ds:X509Certificate'):
                        text(
"""-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----
""")
    with tag('SingleSignOnService',
        Binding="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:bindings:HTTP-Redirect",
        Location="http://idp5/singleSignOn"
    ):
        pass


result = indent(
    doc.getvalue(),
    indentation = ' '*4,
    newline = '\r\n'
)

print(result)

Usted obtiene:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<EntityDescriptor xmlns:saml="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:assertion" entityID="http://wsa.saas.com" xmlns="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:metadata" xmlns:ds="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#">
    <IDPSSODescriptor>
        <KeyDescriptor use="signing">
            <ds:KeyInfo xmlns:ds="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#">
                <ds:X509Data>
                    <ds:X509Certificate>-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----
</ds:X509Certificate>
                </ds:X509Data>
            </ds:KeyInfo>
        </KeyDescriptor>
    </IDPSSODescriptor>
    <SingleSignOnService Binding="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:bindings:HTTP-Redirect" Location="http://idp5/singleSignOn"></SingleSignOnService>
</EntityDescriptor>
0
scls 2 may. 2015 a las 13:50

Solo para archivar, a mi código anterior le faltaba un pequeño cambio, es por eso que el certificado fue rechazado.

from xml.dom.minidom import Document
doc = Document()
entity_descriptor = doc.createElement("EntityDescriptor")
doc.appendChild(entity_descriptor)
entity_descriptor.setAttribute('xmlns', 'urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:metadata')
entity_descriptor.setAttribute('xmlns:saml', 'urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:assertion')
entity_descriptor.setAttribute('xmlns:ds', 'http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#')
entity_descriptor.setAttribute('entityID', 'http://wsa.saas.com')
idpssodescr = doc.createElement('IDPSSODescriptor')
idpssodescr.setAttribute('WantAuthnRequestsSigned', 'true')
idpssodescr.setAttribute('protocolSupportEnumeration',   
'urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:protocol')
entity_descriptor.appendChild(idpssodescr)
keydescr = doc.createElement('KeyDescriptor')
keydescr.setAttribute('use', 'signing')
idpssodescr.appendChild(keydescr)
keyinfo = doc.createElement('ds:KeyInfo')
keyinfo.setAttribute('xmlns:ds', 'http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#')
keydescr.appendChild(keyinfo)
x509data = doc.createElement('ds:X509Data')
keyinfo.appendChild(x509data)
x509cert = doc.createElement('ds:X509Certificate')

# Read the certificate from some file.
fp = file('idp.crt.pem', 'r')
s = ''
for i in fp.readlines():
    s+=''.join(i)


ptext = doc.createTextNode(s)
x509cert.appendChild(ptext)
x509data.appendChild(x509cert)
sso = doc.createElement('SingleSignOnService')
sso.setAttribute('Binding', 'urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:bindings:HTTP-Redirect')
sso.setAttribute('Location', 'http://idp5/singleSignOn')
idpssodescr.appendChild(sso)

print doc.toprettyxml(indent="  ")
<?xml version="1.0" ?>
<EntityDescriptor entityID="http://wsa.saas.com"  
xmlns="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:metadata" xmlns:ds="http://www.w3.org/2000/09  
/xmldsig#" xmlns:saml="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:assertion">
<IDPSSODescriptor WantAuthnRequestsSigned="true"    
protocolSupportEnumeration="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:protocol">
<KeyDescriptor use="signing">
  <ds:KeyInfo xmlns:ds="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#">
    <ds:X509Data>
      <ds:X509Certificate>
        -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----

      </ds:X509Certificate>
    </ds:X509Data>
  </ds:KeyInfo>
</KeyDescriptor>
<SingleSignOnService Binding="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:bindings:HTTP-Redirect"   
Location="http://idp5/singleSignOn"/>
</IDPSSODescriptor>
</EntityDescriptor>

x = open('metadata.xml', 'w')
doc.writexml(x, "   ", "", "\n", "UTF-8")
x.close()
0
user193287 22 oct. 2009 a las 08:57